The Furry Critter Network

Spaniel Japones Breed Description

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Breed Organization

Japanese Chin Club of America

Native Country

Other Names
Japanese Chin, Epagneul Japonais, Chin, Japanese Spaniel

Life Expectancy
Approximately 10-12 Years

Litter Size
Average 1-3 Puppies

Breed Group

General Description

The Japanese Chin, also known as the Japanese Spaniel, is a toy dog breed with a long history of being a companion to nobility and aristocracy, particularly in Japan. This breed is characterized by its distinctive appearance and charming personality.

The Japanese Chin is a small dog, typically weighing between 4 to 9 pounds (1.8 to 4.1 kg) and standing about 8 to 11 inches (20 to 28 cm) tall at the shoulder. They have a silky, straight, and luxurious coat that can be either long or medium in length. The coat is abundant around the neck, forming a mane, and on the tail, which is feathered and carried over the back. The coat comes in various colors, most commonly black and white, but also red and white, and tricolor (black, white, and tan). One of their most distinctive features is their flat face with a broad, short muzzle. They have large, dark, and expressive eyes, set wide apart, giving them a charming and somewhat aristocratic expression. Their ears are small, V-shaped, and set high on the head, covered with long, feathered hair.

Breed Standard

Head: Relatively large, broad, and flat. Broad, rounded skull. Pronounced stop. Very short, wide nosebridge. Nose at eye level.
Eyes: Large, round, well-spaced, shiny black.
Body: Square build. Neck fairly short, carried high. Moderately wide chest. Slightly well-sprung ribs. Pronounced tuck-up. Broad, slightly rounded croup. Short, straight back.
Tail: Carried on the back, covered with long, abundant hair.
Hair: Long, straight, silky. The entire body except the foreface is covered with abundant hair. Abundant feathering on the ears, neck, thighs, and tail.
Coat: White with black or red markings. Preferably, markings are distributed symmetrically around the eyes and on the ears, and over the entire body. A wide, white flare from the muzzle to the top of the head is especially prized.
Size: Approx. 25 cm.
Weight: 2 to 6 kg.


Ancestors of the Japanese Chin were given to the Japanese court in 732 A.D. by Korean royalty. In the following century, many of these dogs were brought to Japan. In the nineteenth century, Japanese Chins were exported to the United States and England, where Queen Victoria owned one. In 1882, several Japanese Chins were shown in New York. Currently, this little companion dog is very widespread.


Very tough, lively, alert, and somewhat rambunctious, the Japanese Chin is very attached to his owner. Merry, affectionate, and gentle, he rarely barks and is a pleasant companion. He is mistrusting of strangers but not snappy. He needs rigorous training.

He is a very clean apartment dog. He requires daily brushing and cannot tolerate intense heat. His ears and eyes must be checked regularly.




Prone to eye issues, respiratory problems, heat prostration and distemper. Tend to wheeze and snore.

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