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Appenzell Mountain Dog Breed Description

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Breed Organization

Appenzeller Club Of America

Native Country
Switzerland

Other Names
Appenzeller, Appenzeller Sennenhunde

Life Expectancy
Approximately 12-13 Years

Litter Size
Average 4-8 Puppies

Breed Group
Mastiff

General Description

The Appenzeller Sennenhund is a medium-sized dog, 18.5-23 ins (47–58 cm) at the withers and weighing 49-71 lbs (22–32 kg). Like the other Sennenhunds, the Appenzeller Sennenhund has a heavy build and a distinctive tricolour coat. The breed's ears are small and triangular, set high and hanging down against the dog's cheeks, similar to a button ear. Faults in the breed's appearance include wall eye, kinked tail, a single coat, and a coat that is not tricolour.

An Appenzeller is noted for being an industrious and tireless dog. The dog is most happy if given a task to do. These dogs were primarily developed to herd cattle thus the name Appenzell Cattle Dog. Soon enough the dogs are given various tasks in the farm. The dog can now be seen pulling carts loaded with farm produce to market stalls. The dog will work all day watching the herd, perform other duties in the farm and would still stay up all night to guard the flock as well as the household.

Four breeds of Sennenhund

The four breeds of Sennenhund, with the original breed name followed by the most popular English version of the breed name:

  • Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
  • Berner Sennenhund, Bernese Mountain Dog
  • Appenzeller Sennenhund, Appenzeller Mountain Dog
  • Entlebucher Sennenhund, Entlebucher Mountain Dog

  • Breed Standard

    Head: Slightly wedge-shaped. Stop not pronounced. Rectangular nose bridge. Black or brown nose. Tight lips.
    Ears: Set on high, triangular, drop, lying against the head.
    Eyes: Small, almond. Dark brown to chestnut color.
    Body: Robust, compact. Strong, dry neck. Broad chest is well let down. Prominent forechest. Belly slightly tucked up. Straight, solid back. Short croup.
    Tail: Set high, moderately long, bushy. In action, carried curled over the croup, falling to the side or along the midline.
    Hair: Short, thick, lying close to the skin. Thick undercoat.
    Coat: Black or tan background with symmetrical tan or white markings. Tan markings above the eyes, and on the cheeks, forechest, and legs. White flare, white patch from chin to forechest. White markings on the feet and tip of the tail.
    Size: Dog: 50 to 58 cm (20-23 in).Bitch: 48 to 56 cm (19-22 in).
    Weight: 22 to 25 kg (49-55 lb).

    History

    Originating in Appenzell canton in Eastern Switzerland, the Appenzeller was first described in an early work as a quite vocal, multi-colored, short-haired drover of medium size. The breed is thought to be descended from Tibetan Molosser dogs and Nordic breeds. The Appenzeller was established as a distinct breed in 1898. Max Siever, a great promoter of the Appenzeller, worked on the first standard for the breed. The Swiss Appenzeller club was created in 1906. The breed is rare outside of its native Switzerland.

    Behavior

    This courageous, robust, self-confident dog is energetic and has a lively temperament. The Appenzeller fills many roles. This affectionate, gentle breed makes a good pet. Wary of strangers and possessing the defense instinct, he is also a good guard dog. The breed is also used as a draft dog and rescue dog.

    As with all medium to large, very active working dogs, the Appenzeller Sennenhund should be well socialized early in life with other dogs and people and provided with regular activity and training if it is to be safely kept as a pet. If trained properly, they bond closely with their owners and like to seek for attention. As a result of careful regulated breeding, the Appenzeller breed as a whole is an extremely healthy breed, though individual genetic lines vary.

    The Appenzeller is not suited to city living. He needs a lot of exercise and room to run. Regular brushing is required.

    Function

    These non-standardized dogs are utilitarian dog; breed for their skills rather than for their appearance. The Appenzeller, the multicolored dogs known for its penchant for barking are now found in many regions of the country, pulling carts, herding cattle, guarding homes and doing many other tasks in the farm.

    Health

    This hearty breed has no known health issues.


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